8 Practical Tips on: How to take photos underwater?
First, Control your buoyancy
To succeed in underwater photography, you must master your buoyancy and have control of where you are at all times. One of most important elements in underwater photography is to feel comfortable in the environment. Remember that the photographer becomes a floating platform on which the camera rests. The ability to swim well and in some cases fast to keep up with the subject is an essential skill.
Second, Study the marine life
You will find how does the shoal of fish move and how can I get close to it. Are they dangerous or not? Understanding their behavior will allow you to produce stunning images.
Third, Use the right equipment
This can be as simple as GoPro or similar a compact action camera or DSLR camera in an underwater housing with lights.
Fourth, Familiarize yourself with your equipment setting
Setting the correct setting of your camera will significantly improve your underwater images so it is very important to properly adjust the white balance. The ISO controls the sensitivity of exposure of the sensor of your camera. Use the lowest possible. Higher ISOs can cause digital noise in your images. I tend to keep a focus on automatic and punctual in the middle in some cases. I recommend capturing the focus on the part that I want to highlight. The great number if the deeper the field we will have in our image.
Fifth, use the rules of composition
Learn and practice familiar composition rules of good images and shot they're created. Wait for the right moment to take your shot. Above all, be patient marine are territorial and always remain in their environment.
Sixth, Macro Photography
Pay attention to the small details. Look for patterns and colors. Move stealthily and get as close as you come to your subject. Use the existing techniques to isolate your subject so you can highlight their characteristics. Make contact with your subject and try to focus by moving your body or arms instead of using the machine/s autofocus mechanism.
Seventh, Wide angle lens
If you want to transmit the majesty of the underwater universe, the wide-angle is the way to go. Wide-angle lenses range from 10 millimeters to 24 millimeters as well as zoom or prime lenses. Always take into consideration the magnifying effect of no-frame-control cameras. The wider the field of view of the lens used, the better it is to capture the complete picture of the environment.
Eighth, Have Fun
Remember that you do not dive to take pictures. You dive because you want to enjoy being immersed in an alternate universe, sharing and enjoying this wonderful space with your colleagues and friends. If you make this a priority, good pictures will emerge. Photography is a byproduct of the experience. Enjoy the experience and the picture will come.